What is Project Integration Management
According to PMBOK (5th Edition), there are 10 knowledge areas that support the Project Management team to lead a project towards the success. Project Integration Management is the first knowledge area that should be possessed by the Project Management team to handle a project.
This knowledge area includes the processes, activities, tools and techniques required to successfully manage the Project Integration function. According to the project management context, integration includes characteristics and features of unification, consolidation, communication and integrative actions that are essential to control project execution through completion and meeting project requirements while satisfying stakeholders. (Source: PMBOK – 5th Edition)
There are 5 major functions identified by PMBOK to be looked into within the Project Integration Management knowledge area. They are;
Develop Project Charter
This is the process of developing a document that formally allows / authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager to apply organizational resources to project activities.
Develop Project Management Plan
This is the consolidation of all the subsidiary plans such as schedule, cost, scope, quality, etc… and integrating them into a complete and comprehensive project management plan. Apart from the main subsidiary plans, the main baseline plans also will be included.
Direct and Manage Project work
This is the main process of performing the activities stated under the project management plan and build the approved changes to achieve project objectives.
Monitor and Control Project work
It is the process of measuring the project progress and performance objectives as per the project management plan. It continuously tracks and reviews the project status and supports the project management team to bring the project to its expected status if there are any deviations. (Corrective actions, preventive actions and defect repair)
Perform Integrated Change Control
This is a critical process that involves in reviewing all change requests and sending them through an approval / rejection process. It also is related to managing changes to the deliverables, organizational process assets, project documents and project management as well.
Close Project or Phase
This is the final process of the Project Integration Management knowledge area. It involves in finalizing all the project activities and formally completing the project or phase.
Below table shows under which Project Management Process Group the above processes are performed.
|Initiating||Planning||Executing||Monitoring and Controlling||Closing|
|Direct and Manage
|1. Monitor and Control Project Work
2. Perform Integrated Change Control
|Close Project / Phase|
**Please note that each and every individual process mentioned above will be explained further separately.